|Palenque Ruin Site, Chiapas, Mexico is 15 hours by first class|
bus south east of Oaxaca City
Bus Service Oaxaca to Palenque
Oaxaca to Palenque is a popular route for travelers heading south to the Mayan ruins and the Yucatan. Here are five ways to get to Palenque by bus from Oaxaca City with stops along the way.
- Palenque Direct
- Palenque Via San Cristobal de las Casas
OCC Bus out of the ADO first class terminal in Oaxaca city
runs service to San Cristobal de las Casas four trips a day from
the first class terminal 9 blocks north of the Zocalo.
San Cristobal offers indigenous Mayan culture, markets and colonial architecture. From San Cristobal, reach the Mayan ruins of Tonina.
The bus from San Cristobal to Palenque passes through Ocosingo where taxis or colectivos will reach the Tonina Ruin Site.
| Zipolite Beach on Oaxaca's Pacific Coast is served by taxi |
from Pochutla. Bus service from oaxaca City reaches Pochutla
where buses run to San Cristobal de las Casis with connections
- Puerto Escondido, Zipolite
Van service runs from Oaxaca City to the Pacific Coast beaches. Vans serve Huatulco, Pochutla, and Puerto Escondido for 120-150 Pesos. These towns offer first class bus service with connections to Palenque.
- Northern Mountain Route, Tuxtepec
Olmec Heads from the ruin site of San Lorenzo
Tenochtitla Veracruz are displayed in the Jalapa
Museum of Anthropology
- Jalapa Veracruz
These massive sculptures were created well before the rise of the Maya. The traveler coming from Oaxaca would have visited Monte Alban and perhaps the Museum of Culture in Oaxaca City. The artifacts of Oaxaca bear Olmec influence and, in the early pre-Classic sites such as San Jose el Mogote, the art predates the Mayan art.
The Olmec culture of 1400 BC spread its influence throughout Mexico and included contact through trade with San Jose Mogote in Oaxaca and Monte Alban.
Primarily, however, the best reason to go north to Jalapa is to see the Olmec heads. They are unique and exquisite works of art, sculpted from huge blocks of volcanic stone around 1400 BC. Several of the 17 heads found to date are displayed in the Museum of Anthropology in Jalapa. This museum, according to some, is the finest museum in Mexico outside of the Mexico City anthropology museum.
The Olmec was the mother culture of Mexico according Alfonso Caso and other archaeologists. They were the first advanced culture and many believe that the Mayan culture was a continuation of the Olmec culture when the Olmecs, living in what is now Veracruz and Tabasco State, ebbed around 400 BC. It was at that time that Mayan settlements formed along the Isthmus and the Mayan culture began its rise to prominence.